is situated amidst a beautiful wine-growing region - at the
south side of the Ödenburger Mountains, in a syncline whose
tectonic structure is hollow and abundant in water. This southern
location and the influence of the Neusiedler Lake are characteristic
of this micro-climate.
The northern border of the Neckenmarkt municipal area runs along
the national border of Hungary. From the hilltops, one can see
all the way to the villages of Hungary, the ruins at Landsee
and the Neusiedler Lake.
landscape has been shaped and formed over an extremely long
period of time and by various events:
About twenty million years ago, the link between the Alps
and Carpathian mountains collapsed, and the ground sank lower
and lower over the course of time. At some point, seawater
would reach all the way to the Vienna Basin and flooded the
northern and central parts of Burgenland. The ranges of the
Leitha mountains, the Ruster Hills, the Rosalia mountains
and the Ödenburger mountains would once soar like islands
from the shallow bottom of the sea. Lime was deposited along
the coasts of these islands, while tea-green marl and marl
were deposited within the sea basin.
subsequent earth movements, the area of what is Central Burgenland
today was raised again and the water receded.
soil, now uncovered, reveals hills and terraces that consist
of a rock base dating from the Tertiary period; above it,
we find massive layers of gravel that are capped by layers
(e.g., sandy loam). Depending on exposure and altitude, various
types of cover layers have accumulated.
Loamy soil is characteristic of Central Burgenland. This is
the ideal setting for the "Blaufränkisch",
as it can develop with its own full body, inner harmony and
If there is more gravel, the resulting wines will be somewhat
lighter, more delicate and more "playful". In the
case of more loess content, wines will be fatter and richer
The vineyards in Neckenmarkt have different types of cover
layers, so that different locations allow for different types
of wine to be vinified.
are the main locations in Neckenmarkt:
Bodigraben Hillside. Shale
Himmelsthron Hillside. From little loess to loam.
Hochberg (Grosslage) Hillside. Shale
Sonnensteig Hillside. Sandy loam
Spiegelberg Hillside. Shale